Iona Miller Blog

« Nefertiti | main | Tut »

Ian Fleming on Crowley as a spy

   Sun, March 4, 2007 - 10:28 PM
During the interrogation Rudolf Hess spoke in strange ramblings which some viewed as occult. Ian Fleming, who was involved with those interrogations, decided that help was needed. But who could he get who might understand these occult ramblings? Fleming thought about it and then suggested to his boss, Rear Admiral John Godfrey, "that Crowley should be allowed to interview Hess about the role of the occult in Nazism." (3) Fleming thought Crowley would be able to obtain further details on the influence of astrology with the Nazi leaders. It seemed like a good idea at the time. However it was his friend, Maxwell Knight, who spoke strongly against Crowley's involvement with Hess. It is said that Knight had no intention of allowing Crowley near Rudolf Hess, even though some historians have indicated that Crowley actually was a MI6 agent who spied on the Nazis and Communists in pre-war Berlin for the British government. Still, some members of the British Government, like Fleming, actually believed that Crowley could have helped in understanding Hess and other Nazi leaders. Both sides argued over this issue but Knight won out. In the end, Crowley was never summoned.
Ian Fleming's biographer John Pearson wrote that Fleming "surpassed himself by appealing to one of the most notorious men in the whole of the British Isles. For many years he had been fascinated by the legend of wickedness which had attached itself to the name of Aleister Crowley, necromancer, black magician and the Great Beast 666. This immensely ugly old diabolist and self-advertiser had thrown himself into certain more unsavory areas of the occult with a gusto that must have appealed to Fleming, and when the interrogators from British Intelligence began trying to make sense of the neurotic and highly superstitious Hess he got the idea that Crowley might be able to help and tracked him down to a place near Torquay, where he was living harmlessly on his own and writing patriotic poetry to encourage the war effort. He seems to have had no difficulty in persuading the old gentleman to put his gifts at the disposal of the nation." (4)
Aleister Crowley wrote a brief letter to Ian Fleming, now the Director of Naval Intelligence, offering his help.

If it is true that Herr Hess is much influenced by astrology
and Magick, my services might be of use to the Department in
case he should not be willing to do what you wish. I have the
honour to be, Sir,
Your obedient servant,
Aleister Crowley (5)

With the letter Crowley included a copy of his latest patriotic poem entitled "England Stand Fast". To quote further from Fleming's biography, "It is a pity that this had to be one of Fleming's bright ideas which never came off: understandably, there was hilarity in the department at the idea of the Great Beast 666 doing his bit for Britain." (6) So in the end "Fleming's suggestion was vetoed, and Crowley and Hess never did meet, to the chagrin of the unorthodox historian." (7)
If the reader looks for Ian Fleming's biography by John Pearson for further reading, they should know that when it was released in America (8) this episode regarding Rudolph Hess and Aleister Crowley was totally omitted. One must find the first edition released in England, published earlier the same year, to find this particular story. There is no indication why it was edited out of the American edition.
Even though Aleister Crowley was not allowed to interview Rudolf Hess, he did hatch another scheme to help the war effort. We know he tried to convince Knight and Fleming that the British government should drop 'occult literature' on the Germans as a propaganda tool. (9) Obviously the literature, whatever it might be, would be written by himself. This project was shelved long before it got off the ground.
Years later in 1952 when Ian Fleming wrote his first novel entitled Casino Royale he looked for someone after whom he could model James Bond's arch-villain. He needed an evil figure in Casino Royale so he dredged up his past images of Aleister Crowley. After all, Fleming "always knew a good villain when he saw one." (10) He decided to give his villain the name Le Chiffre, which is a corruption of the word 'cipher', since the villain claimed he was only a number on a passport. This idea stems from the fact that Le Chiffre was once a Jewish prisoner of Dachau who suffered amnesia, not knowing his real name, only his concentration camp number.
Fleming further described Le Chiffre as clean shaven, complexion very pale or white, fat, slug-like, with sadistic impulses, constantly using a benzedrine inhaler and with an insatiable appetite for women. He also had a rather feminine mouth. It is also written that "parallels exist between them {meaning Crowley & Le Chiffre}. Both called people 'dear boy', and both, like Mussolini, had the whites of their eyes completely visible around the iris." (11) But does this really sound like Aleister Crowley? Especially being Jewish!
In the end Crowley's character was killed by an assassin from the Soviet organization SMERSH, which he had betrayed. He was almost ready to pull the trigger and kill James Bond when the end came. His death was graphically described: after a single bullet rang out "and suddenly Le Chiffre had grown another eye, a third eye on a level with the other two, right where the thick nose started to jut out below the forehead. It was a small black eye, without eyelashes or eyebrows." (12)
In April of 1953, after reading Casino Royale, Somerset Maugham wrote Ian Fleming a rather nice letter on how much he enjoyed the book. In that letter he stated, "...particularly enjoyed the battle at the casino between your hero and M. Chiffre. You really managed to get the tension to the highest possible pitch." (13) It's best to say that Maugham probably didn't realize that Fleming based some of the characteristics of Le Chiffre on Aleister Crowley as he failed to mention the similarities in his letter. Maugham was an old acquaintance of Crowley, whom he had used as the model for Oliver Haddo in his own book entitled The Magician.(14) Aleister Crowley definitely disliked the image painted by Maugham and one can only wonder what he might of thought of Le Chiffre...
It is likely that Ian Fleming honestly believed he borrowed a few of Crowley's characteristic for the evil and sinister figure of Le Chiffre, but this figure is completely different from the real-life Aleister Crowley. Actually the only evidence for such a claim is the fact that Fleming has stated he based Le Chiffre on Aleister Crowley-since such is not obviously recognizable in the book itself. If the reader is in doubt, then read the book or rent the movie and see for yourself.


add a comment
Mon, March 5, 2007 - 7:27 AM
interestingly wiley!!!
Mon, March 5, 2007 - 8:32 AM
According to Crowley biographer Richard Kaczinski ("Perdurabo"), there is solid evidence that AC was a spy for British intelligence (and possibly US intelligence as well) during WWI. His task, apparently, was to help bring America into the war on the side of the British.
Wed, February 11, 2009 - 9:59 AM
This is really interesting. May i suggest only...
Thanks for this informative article, but please, consider placing line spaces between the paragraphs. Although incorrect in books I find this makes for easier reading on a screen. Remember, vampires don't have very good eyesight!
Tue, June 4, 2013 - 3:21 AM
read more Tour Du Lich Bien | Tour Du Lich Mien Tay | Tour Du Lich Gia Dinh | Du Lich Ngi Duong | tour du lich bien do son | tour du lich bien sam son | tour du lich bien cua lo | tour du lich bien lang co | tour du lich bien cua dai | chum tour mien tay 3 ngay | chum tour mien tay 4 ngay | chum tour mien tay 5 ngay| Vietnam Day Tours | vietnam tour | tin tuc tong hop | tin tuc thoi trang | synthesis video | synthesis news | cam nang tinh yeu | dang tin bat dong san | kenh thong tin va giai tri | du lich viet nam | blog du lich | vietnam tour | tour da nang ngu hanh son hoi an hue dong thien duong 5 ngay 4 dem | tour du lich buon me thuoc 3 ngay | tour da nang hoi an hue | tour sai gon da lat | tour sai gon phan thiet mui ne | tour sai gon nha trang | South Vietnam Tours | Central Vietnam Tours | Tour Du Lich He | Gold Hill Center | Du An Dat Nen Gia Re Gold Hill Center | Tour Du Lich He
Mon, September 23, 2013 - 1:16 AM
travel Ha long Bay Tour 3 Days On Glory Cruise | Ha long Bay 2 Days 1 Night Tour On Paloma Cruise | Ha Long Bay 1 Day Tour | Ha Long Bay – Cat Ba Island Cruise Tour 2 Days 1 Night | Sapa Bac Ha Market Tour 1 Day | Sapa Medium Trekking 3 Days Tour | Sapa Hard Trek Tour 4 Days 3 Nights | Fansipan Trekking Tour 4 Days 3 Nights | Lao Cai Sapa Ta Van 2 Days 1 Night Tour | Sapa Easy Trekking Tours 2 Days 1 Night | dau an rong thieng | dau an rong thieng | hoang thanh | xem phim online link nhanh nhat lyta phim | xem phim hoat hinh link nhanh | Phim hoat hinh dau an rong thieng | Phim hoat hinh kiem si yaiba | hoat hinh yaiba tap 1 | hoat hinh dau an rong thieng tap 1 | dien dan tin tuc tong hop | Mekong River Cruises 2014 | Hoat hinh dragon ball Z | Hoat hinh dragon ball GT | Dragon Ball GT Tap 1
Thu, November 28, 2013 - 9:55 AM
<a href= >Spa o phu my hung</a>
<a href= >phu nu mang thai thang thu 7</a>
<a href= >phu nu mang thai thang thu 8</a>
<a href= >phu nu mang thai thang thu 9</a>
<a href= >phu nu mang thai thang thu 2</a>
<a href= >phu nu mang thai thang thu 3</a>
<a href= >phu nu mang thai thang thu 4</a>
<a href= >phu nu mang thai thang thu 5</a>
<a href= >phu nu mang thai thang thu 6</a>

<a href= >sau khi sinh nen an gi</a>
<a href= >lam dep sau sinh</a>
<a href= >ba bau co nen uong nuoc dua khong</a>
<a href= >ba bau co nen an mia khong</a>
<a href= >ba bau co nen an nhan khong</a>
<a href= >ba bau nen an gi</a>
<a href= >phu nu mang thai nen an gi</a>
<a href= >phu nu sau sinh nen kieng nhung gi</a>
<a href= >thuc don cho ba me sau sinh</a>
<a href= >rung toc sau sinh</a>
<a href= >mang thai nen uong sua gi</a>
Tue, January 21, 2014 - 3:47 PM
Thank you for this great post. <a href=" Windows 7 optimizer </a>
Fri, February 7, 2014 - 4:48 PM
Great post. <a href="
"> Ripped abs </a>
Thu, March 6, 2014 - 5:04 PM
<a href="
" title="lifestyle">
Fri, May 16, 2014 - 2:29 AM
du lich kinh do
Cac tour <a href="" title="du lich da nang, tour du lich da nang" rel="dofollow "><strong>du lich da nang</strong></a> | <a href="" title="du lich ha long, tour du lich ha long" rel="dofollow "><strong>du lich ha long</strong></a> | <a href="" title="du lich nha trang, tour du lich nha trang" rel="dofollow "><strong>du lich nha trang</strong></a> gia von, hap dan nam 2014
Fri, May 16, 2014 - 2:33 AM
kinhdo travel
Du lich Da Nang
DU lich Nha Trang
Du lich Ha Long
Wed, April 1, 2015 - 11:40 PM
<a >giay dep gia si</a>
<a >sang shop thoi trang tphcm</a> day du tien nghi

<a >chua hoi mieng</a> hieu qua nhanh chong
<a >trao nguoc da day</a> ty bach thao
<a >cach chua hoi mieng</a> bang tu nhien
<a ></a>
<a ></a>
<a ></a>
<a ></a>
<a ></a>
<a ></a>

<a >thoi trang</a> công ty cổ phần mai nguyên
<a >giay dep gia si</a> công ty cổ phần mai nguyên
<a >giay the thao gia si</a> với nhiều mẫu mã hợp với xu hướng hiện thời
<a >ban si giay tre em</a> với nhiều màu sắc đẹp lung linh phù hợp với mọi lứa tuổi của trẻ thơ
<a >ban buon giay vnxk</a> giày chất lượng xuất khẩu, chiết khấu theo số lượng đặt hàng

<a >tri hoi mieng</a> tận gốc và hiệu
<a >chữa hôi miệng</a> tận gốc và hiệu
<a >trao nguoc da day</a> ty bach thao
<a >cach chua hoi mieng</a> ty bach thao
<a >benh hoi mieng</a> chữa trị hiệu quả
<a >thuoc chua hoi mieng</a> bằng phương pháp đông y
<a >cách chữa hôi miệng tận gốc</a> không có cơ hội tái phát trở lại
<a >cách chữa bệnh trào ngược dạ dày</a> để bạn có thể tự tin vì chứng hôi miệng đã đc chữa khỏi
<a >cách chữa hôi miệng dân gian</a> tổng hợp các phương pháp của dân gian từ xưa tới này
<a >ợ hơi nhiều</a> là nguyên nhân gây bệnh hôi miệng
<a >chua hoi mieng bang tu nhien</a>
<a >trào ngược axit dạ dày</a> hieu qua an toan
<a >cách chữa hôi miệng tại nhà</a>
<a href= ></a>
<a href= ></a>
<a >thuoc chua benh trao nguoc da day thuc quan</a> hiệu quả nhanh nhất
<a >cách chữa bệnh ợ hơi</a> đầy bụng khó tiêu
<a >cách chữa chướng bụng đầy hơi</a> bằng thảo dược đông y gia truyền
Sat, June 25, 2016 - 2:35 AM
du lich 2/9 tour du lich mien tay 2/9/2016 | tour du lich phu quoc 2/9/2016 | tour du lich vung tau 2/9/2016 | tour du lich da lat 2/9/2016 | tour du lich sai gon 2/9/2016 | tour du lich hoi an 2/9/2016
Sat, June 25, 2016 - 2:37 AM
du lich nha trang tour du lich Nha Trang | tour du lich Nha Trang 1 ngay | tour du lich Nha Trang 2 ngay | tour du lich Nha Trang 3 ngay | tour du lich Nha Trang 4 ngay | tour du lich Nha Trang 5 ngay | tour du lich Nha Trang 6 ngay | tour du lich Nha Trang 7 ngay | tour du lich Nha Trang 8 ngay

« Nefertiti | main | Tut »